Prison Statistics

2007

•  The total rated capacity of local jails at midyear 2007 reached 813,502 beds, up from an estimated 677,787 beds at midyear 2000.
•  At midyear 2007, jail jurisdictions (173) with an average daily jail population of 1,000 or more inmates accounted for about 6% of all jail jurisdictions and about 52% of the jail inmate population.
•  At midyear 2007, the 50 largest jail jurisdictions held about 29% (or 227,901 inmates) of the nation’s jail population.

2006

•  On June 30, 2006, an estimated 4.8% of black men were in prison or jail, compared to 1.9% of Hispanic men and 0.7% of white men.
•  For the 12 months ending June 30, 2006, State systems reported a larger increase than the Federal system in the number of inmates housed in private prisons.
•  Between July 1, 2005 and June 30, 2006, the number of persons held in local jails increased 2.5% to reach 766,010 inmates, the lowest growth since the 1.6% increase in mid-year 2001
•  27% of Federal inmates are non-US citizens.
•  The average age of a Federal inmate in Bureau custody is 38.
•  19% of inmates are housed in Minimum Security Federal Institutions, compared to 39% in Low Security, 27 in Medium Security, and 11% in High Security.
•  Females account for 7% of the Federal inmate population.
•  54% of inmates in Bureau custody are drug offenders.
•  The most common length for a Federal inmate’s sentence is 5 – 10 years.
•  There are more Federal inmates (3.1%) sentenced to Life than sentenced to less that a year (1.6%)
•  56% of Federal inmates are white.
•  By inmate population, the largest BOP Facility is Brooklyn MDC in New York with 2,397 inmates, and the largest Privately Managed Facility is Big Sandy CI in Texas with 2,826 inmates.

2005

•  From midyear 2004 to midyear 2005, the number of inmates in custody in local jails rose by 33,539; in State prison by 15,858; and Federal prison by 6,584.
•  On June 30, 2005, a total of 2,266 State prisoners were under age 18. Adult jails held a total of 6,759 persons under age 18.
•  An estimated 12% of black males, 3.7% of Hispanic males, and 1.7% of white males in their late twenties were in prison or jail
•  Over 7 million people were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole. That’s 3.2% of all U.S. adult residents, or 1 in every 32 adults.
•  There were an estimated 491 prison inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents. This number is up from 411 at yearend 1995.
•  The number of women under the jurisdiction of State or Federal prison authorities increased 2.6% from 2004, reaching 107,518. The number of men rose 1.9%, totaling 1,418,406.
•  There were 3,145 black male sentenced prison inmates per 100,000 black males in the United States, compared to 1,244 Hispanic male inmates per 100,000 Hispanic males and 471 white male inmates per 100,000 white males.
•  60 inmates were executed in 16 states, 1 more than in 2004. Of those, 59 were males, 1 female; 41 were white and 19 were black. Texas performed 19 executions; 5 each in Indiana , Missouri , and North Carolina ; 4 each in Ohio , Alabama , and Oklahoma ; 3 each in Georgia and South Carolina ; 2 in California ; and 1 each in Connecticut , Arkansas , Delaware , Florida , Maryland , and Mississippi .
•  The Federal prison system held 3,254 prisoners in 36 States under a death sentence
•  Since the death penalty was reinstated by the Supreme Court in 1976, white inmates have made up more than half of the number under sentence of death.

2004

•  The Nation’s prisons and jails incarcerated over 2.1 million persons.
•  In both jails and prisons, there were 123 female inmates per 100,000 women in the United States, compared to 1,348 male inmates per 100,000 men.
•  A total of 2,477 State prisoners were under age 18.
•  The number of inmates in custody in local jails rose by 22,689; in State prison by 15,375; and in Federal prison by 10,095.

2003

•  Prison population increased by 40,983, the largest increase in 4 years
•  At midyear 2003, a total of 3,006 State prisoners were under age 18. Adult jails held a total of 6,869 persons under age 18.
•  Local jails were operating 6% below their rated capacity. In contrast, at yearend 2002 State prisons were operating 1% and 17% above capacity, and Federal prisons were 33% about their rate capacity.
•  In the year ending June 30, 2003, the smaller State prison systems had the greatest percentage increase: Vermont (up 12.2%), Minnesota (up 9.4%), and Maine (up 9.1%).
•  2,078,570 prisoners were held in Federal or State prisons or in local jails.
•  The total increased 2.9% from midyear 2002, less than the average annual growth of 3.7% since yearend 1995.
•   There were an estimated 480 prison inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents – up from 411 at yearend 1995.
•   The number of women under the jurisdiction of State or Federal prison authorities increased 5.0% from June 30, 2002 to June 30, 2003, reaching 100,102.
•   The number of men rose 2.7%, totaling 1,360,818 at midyear 2003.
•   At midyear 2003 there were 4,834 black male prisoners per 100,000 black males in the United States in prison or jail, compared to 1,778 Hispanic male inmates per 100,000 Hispanic males and 681 white male inmates per 100,000 white males.
•   Between 1995 and 2001, the increasing number of violent offenders accounted for 63% of the total growth of the State prison population; 15% of the total growth was attributable to the increasing number of drug offenders.
•   There are 98 Federal Prisons in the U.S.
•   There are approximately 150,000 prisoners incarcerated in federal prisons.
•   Approximately 92% are male; approximately 8% are female.
•   Average inmate age is 37.
•   Approximately 70% of the federal prison population are citizens of the U.S.
•   Drug offenses (58%) constitute the majority of offenses for which prisoners were convicted.
•   Approximately 58% of the inmates are white.

2002

•  In the year ending June 30, 2002, the number of inmates in custody in local jails rose by 34,235; in State prison by 12,440; and in Federal prison by 8,042.
•  At midyear 2002, a total of 3,055 State prisoners were under age 18. Adult jails held a total of 7,248 persons under age 18.
•  At midyear 2002, there were 113 female inmates per 100,000 women in the United States, compared to 1,309 male inmates per 100,000 men.

2001
•  6-month growth rates for State prisons have dropped sharply since 1995.
•  Privately operated prison facilities held 94,948 inmates (up 4.0% since yearend 2000).
•  The number of inmates held in jail rose by 10,091, in State prison by 10,954, and in Federal prison by 9,245.

2000

•  The rate of incarceration increased from 1 in every 218 U.S. residents to 1 in every 142.
•  State, Federal, and local governments had to accommodate an additional 82,438 inmates per year (or the equivalent of 1,585 new inmates per week). In the year ending June 30, 2000 —
•  The number of inmates held in jail rose by 15,206, in State prison by 27,953, and in Federal prison by 13,501.

1999

•  The rate of incarceration increased from 1 in every 218 U.S. residents to 1 in every 147.
•  State, Federal, and local governments had to accommodate an additional 83,743 inmates per year (or the equivalent of 1,610 new inmates per week). In the year ending June 30, 1999
•  The number of inmates held in jail rose by 13,481, in State prison by 34,238, and in Federal prison by 10,614. The rate of increase was the lowest since 1979 (prisons) and 1996 (jails).

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